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What is hepatitis B? Effective prevention

 
Hepatitis B is one of the most dangerous liver diseases, which affects the liver. This disease is caused by the hepatitis B virus (HBV). About 4.9% (1 in 20) Americans are infected with HBV. When most healthy adults and older children become infected with HBV, their immune system is able to fight off the disease. They are infected with acute "acute" hepatitis B in a short time.

1. What is hepatitis b?

 
Hepatitis B is one of the most dangerous liver diseases, which affects the liver. This disease is caused by the hepatitis B virus (HBV). About 4.9% (1 in 20) Americans are infected with HBV. When most healthy adults and older children become infected with HBV, their immune system is able to fight off the disease. They are infected with acute "acute" hepatitis B in a short time.
 
Many people who are infected with this hepatitis usually do not feel any symptoms and do not even know they are infected. About 90% of babies born to infected mothers are infected with hepatitis B.
 
what-is-hepatitis-b-effective-prevention
 
When you become infected with HBV for six months or longer, you are considered to be chronically or "chronic". According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), about 20 to 30 percent of the 1.25 million people Americans with chronic hepatitis B got sick in childhood.
 

2. How does hepatitis B affect me?

 
Many people with chronic hepatitis B usually have no symptoms and stay normal. However, some people have liver damage due to hepatitis B, especially if they have contracted the disease for years or decades. About one in four people with hepatitis B can get serious liver damage. In the most severe cases, hepatitis B can cause liver cancer and liver failure.
 

3. How is hepatitis B spread?

 
Hepatitis B is a blood infection, which means there is a virus in the blood and body fluids of people with the disease. If blood or body fluids become infected with your HBV through cuts or other openings, you are at risk for the disease.
 
 
HBV is a very persistent virus; They can even live in dry blood for days! Therefore, it is very easy to get HBV if you have unprotected sex with an infected person or if blood or body fluids with HBV infection have been exposed to an open sores or skin lesions. . As a result, babies born to mothers with the disease are at higher risk for illness because they are exposed to maternal body fluids during delivery.
HBV spreads easily through medical devices, such as needles and syringes that are reused or not properly sterilized. HBV can also be spread by small amounts of blood in drug paraphernalia, cottons, and other equipment used to inject drugs.
 
Other items that come in contact with the blood and which may spread the virus are razors, earrings or toothbrushes, and tattooing and body piercings.
 

4. How to prevent hepatitis B

 
There is a very safe and effective virus that can prevent hepatitis B. This drug is given in a batch of three shots. Health officials recommend the vaccine be given to babies at birth, and all children and adolescents should get the vaccine. They also recommend that adults who are at risk for hepatitis B from work or contact with a partner or family member who has contracted the disease should be vaccinated.
 
Thanks to immunization, the incidence of chronic hepatitis B in the United States has dropped by 78% in the past 15 years. However, HBV remains the most prevalent among non-vaccinated adults, accounting for 95% of the 51,000 newly diagnosed HBV cases in 2005. This is why adult vaccination is very important.
 
In addition to vaccinations, we can also prevent HBV by applying the following measures:
 
Always have sex safely to avoid exchanging body fluids during oral, vaginal, or anal sex.
 
Never share brushes, razors, earrings, or other tools that may have come in contact with blood or body fluids.
 
Immediately cut cuts or bruises to avoid contact with blood.
 
Never touch any person's blood or fluid without the aid of a protective device between you and the substance that may have been contaminated with the virus.
 
Ensure that children born to infected mothers are vaccinated immediately and treated with hepatitis B immune globulin (HBIG). These are substances that have antibodies to hepatitis B to help prevent the disease.
 

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